The French and Indian War (1754–1763) has many names. French Canadians call it the War of the Conquest. That’s mostly because of the outcome of the war, which we’ll explore later in this unit.
Europeans call it the Seven Years’ War, as it became connected to conflicts that lasted seven years in Europe and elsewhere around the world. And Quebecers might call it the Fourth Intercolonial Conflict, as other conflicts had come before. It was actually the British colonists who gave the war the name we in the U.S. use. And so it is: the French and Indian War.
The map below shows the Europeans who laid claim to regions in North America in the years leading up to the war. Soon you’ll find out why these claims are so important.