- from Middle Ages
The most important institution in the lives of most medieval people was the Roman Catholic Church.
It was the only Christian religion in Europe at the time. The Church’s power and wealth were equal to that of kings and emperors. Like the rest of medieval society, the Church was divided along class lines. The pope (the head of the Church) and the bishops under him lived in splendor. Many village priests, on the other hand, were poor and not well educated.