- from Greece’s Golden Age
Let's continue our stroll through ancient Athens. You can’t miss the Parthenon. It's the huge temple on the Acropolis, a hill in the middle of town.
This temple is dedicated to the goddess Athena. Inside stands a huge gold and ivory statue of her. Sculptures decorate all four walls. Outside, near the roof, very detailed sculptures show her birth. Other sculptures show Athena competing with Poseidon, the sea god. The Parthenon was finished in 438 BCE.
Architects and sculptors were not the only kinds of artists at work in the Golden Age. Greek authors and poets came up with new styles of writing. Theater became popular. It also became an important form of literature. The word theater means “a place to see.” Athens was famous for its playwrights. To this day, Greek literature still influences writers and language.