- from Greece’s Golden Age
Let's continue our time-traveling stroll through ancient Athens. You can’t miss the Parthenon, the huge temple that stands on the central hill called the Acropolis.
Sculptures decorate all four walls. Inside this temple to the goddess Athena stands a huge gold and ivory statue of her. Outside, on the walls near the roof, are amazingly detailed sculptures that show her birth. Another set of sculptures shows Athena competing with Poseidon, the sea god. The Parthenon was completed in 438 BCE.
Architects and sculptors were just two kinds of artists working during the Golden Age. Greek authors and poets invented new styles of writing. Theater became a popular and important form of literature. The word theater means “a place to see.” Athens was famous for its skilled playwrights. Even today, Greek literature still influences writers and language.