- from The Wright Brothers
The Wright brothers built their first glider in 1900. It was a biplane, an aircraft with two sets of wings.
Now they needed a place with strong, steady winds to test it. They got a list of the windiest places in the country from the U.S. Weather Bureau. They chose Kitty Hawk, a fishing village on an island near North Carolina. It had winds of about 10 to 20 miles an hour. It also had sandy soil that was soft enough for crash landings. It seemed perfect—and it was. From 1900 through 1903, the Wrights went there every year to test their machines.