- from Pyramids
Ancient Egypt had a special set of ingredients for building pyramids. The country was a long, narrow, fertile strip of land in northeastern Africa.
Water came from the mighty Nile River. Natural barriers protected the land from invaders. There were deserts to the east and west. There were dangerous rapids on the Nile to the south. Delta marshes lay to the north. This circle of isolation let the Egyptians work in peace and safety.
To build the pyramids, tons and tons of raw materials were needed. Ancient Egypt had plenty of limestone, sandstone, and granite. But the huge rocks had to be moved from the quarries (where they were cut) to the building sites. So how did they do it? They used Egypt’s most precious resource: the great Nile River.