Eventually, your family saves enough to rent a small diner. It serves affordable Southern food at all hours, even after people get off late-night shifts at factories. You don’t get much time off, but you’re happier than many of your cousins and friends who stayed down South.
After Reconstruction, states in the South passed Jim Crow laws. These laws limited the rights of freed African Americans. As a result, thousands of formerly enslaved people moved north during the Great Migration between 1910 and 1930. By the time this migration (movement within the country) slowed, more than half of all African Americans lived in the Northeast and the Midwest.
While many African Americans were migrating north, millions of immigrants were arriving in the United States from other countries. Between 1860 and 1910, about 23 million immigrants arrived, bringing new hopes, cultures, and traditions with them.