- from Christianity and Rome's Legacies
560L - 740L
The Roman Empire took over Syria and Judaea in 63 BCE. This area was the ancient home of the Jewish people. Many Jews still lived in Judaea.
Owing to past conquests and exiles, Jews also lived all over the Roman Empire. Rome was home to thousands of Jews, as were Syria and Egypt. Jews were not like most of Rome’s conquered peoples in one big way: Jews believed in one God. They would not worship Roman gods. They did not try to stop others from worshipping Roman gods. So the Romans let them practice Judaism in peace for many years. As time passed, religious tensions grew between the Jews and the Romans.