- from Cells
560L - 740L
Humans first tamed wild animals about 12,000 years ago. Soon, they found they could change their animals over time. They did this by controlling how the animals reproduced.
When fast horses bred with other fast horses, they created even faster horses. The same trick worked with plants. Wheat, corn, potatoes, apples, rice—every plant that we eat has been bred to be more useful. Yet for years, no one could explain why this happens. Finally, in the late 1800s, scientists discovered the secrets of heredity. That’s the passing of genes from one generation to the next.