- from Ancient India
As the earliest Indus Valley cities were fading around 1500 B.C., a group of people known as the Vedic Aryans were arriving. They crossed into India through the Hindu Kush Mountains.
Their migration took place over hundreds of years. The Aryans first came into the Indus Valley, but they were different from the earlier peoples along that river. They didn’t live in cities. They were nomadic herders, moving from place to place to find grass for their cattle. They were fierce fighters who had bronze weapons. They easily defeated any rivals.
Over time, the Vedic Aryans gave up their life of wandering. They settled in the valley of the Ganges River, in northern India. Aryan society vanished long ago, but its traditions and beliefs left their mark on Indian culture and life. The Indian social system has its roots in ancient Aryan ways. So does Hinduism, a major religion.